Custom Prosthetic Services Ltd.
   
COMMON TERMS

Being familiar with some of the commonly used terms in the discussion and literature on amputation is quite helpful. This is a basic list of terms for your information, and we are happy to provide you with further clarification about these or other terms if you require it.

  • AK - Above the knee – Trans Femoral
  • Alignment - Position of a prosthetic socket in relation to foot and knee
  • Amputation - Removal of all or part of a limb due to infection, injury, tumor, disease or trauma
  • Amputee - A person who has had all or part of a limb removed/amputated or is born without a limb
  • Amputation (Traumatic) - A spontaneous removal of a limb for example as a result of an accident
  • Bilateral - Bi means both, meaning both sides
  • BE - Below elbow - Trans Radial
  • BK - Below the knee - Trans Tibia
  • Carbon Fiber - Non-stretch carbon fabric used to reinforce lightweight composite resin structures, such as prosthetic components and socket
  • Claudication - Pain in the limb upon exertion – due to circulatory insufficiency
  • Congenital limb deficiency - When all or parts of limb/s do not develop normally in the womb or are missing
  • CPO - Certified Prosthetist and Orthotist (also known as CO - CP - CPOT)
  • Disarticulation - Limb is amputated through the joint
  • Doffing - Taking the prosthesis off
  • Donning - Putting the prosthesis on
  • ECG - Electro-Cardiograph, recording of the electrical activity of the heart
  • Edema - Swelling of the tissues (also spelled oedema)
  • Endo - Inside (as in: Endoskeletal Prosthesis – one with internal supporting structures)
  • Exo - Outside (as in: Exoskeletal Prosthesis – one with external rigid fiberglass structure)
  • Gait training - Learning to walk with a prosthesis
  • Interface - Inner surface of socket, or portion of prosthesis closest to the skin
  • Liner - Soft socket rolled or pulled over the residual limb and used for protection, comfort and in some cases as a suspension device
  • Lower extremity - Lower limb
  • MPK - Microprocessor Knee
  • Occupational therapy - Training to maximize independence in daily life
  • Osseointegration - Osseointegration is the direct structural and functional connection between living bone and the surface of a load-bearing artificial implant, for the attachment of prosthetic components
  • PPAM - Pneumatic Post Amputation Mobility Aid is an inflatable device (not a prosthesis) that is used by some physiotherapists as part of the rehabilitation programme prior to prosthetic rehabilitation
  • Patella - Kneecap
  • Peripheral vascular disease - Disease of the blood vessels from a variety of causes
  • Phantom pain - Painful feeling in the part of the extremity that has been amputated
  • Phantom sensation - Awareness of the amputated limb although not described as pain
  • Phantom limb - Sensation of the presence of the limb that has been amputated
  • Physical therapy - Therapeutic exercises in order to treat a disease or a disability
  • Pistoning - When a liner stretches so that the stump elongates – or the vertical motion of a residual limb inside a prosthetic socket
  • Prosthesis - A fabricated/artificial substitute for a body part that is missing
  • Prostheses - More than one prosthesis (plural form)
  • Prosthetist (Canadian Certified) - Someone who designs, fits and makes artificial limbs and who’s education and training and expertise is recognized and credentialed by the Canadian Board for Certification of Prosthetists and Orthotists
  • Residual limb - The remaining part of the limb after amputation (the stump)
  • Socket - The part of the prosthesis (artificial limb) that fits around the residual limb – and fits around the Liner or socket insert if one is used
  • Socket insert - A soft form that is contoured to fit around the residual limb and fits inside the Socket to provide for some increased padding and comfort for the residual limb
  • Suction socket - A socket on an artificial leg that excludes the entry of air and is held to the residual limb by the suction of negative pressure maintained within the socket
  • Suspension - The means or mechanism by which a prosthesis is retained and secured onto the body.
  • Total contact - Total contact between the residual limb and socket at all points
  • Transradial - Amputation below the elbow (Through the radius and ulna bones)
  • Transfemoral (TF) - Amputation above the knee (Through the femur bone)
  • Transmetasatal (TM) - Amputation through the metatarsal foot bones (Partial foot amputation)
  • Transtibial (TT) - Amputation below the knee (Through the tibia and fibula bones)
  • Transhumeral - Amputation above the elbow (Through the humerus bone)
  • Upper extremity - Upper limb
  • Vascular amputation - Amputation surgery performed as a result of impaired circulation of blood through the blood vessels of the limb
Back to Top

 Copyright © 2003-2015 Custom Prosthetic Services Ltd. Website by Icon Creative Works